Battery Revolution An End To Gasoline?
We’re getting to the end of the oil age very quickly and the renewable energy revolution has taken off around the world. Major European and Asian countries have announced tube an internal combustion engine cars by 2030 pushing forward the idea of electric vehicles which become more and more popular from day to day in this video we’ll find out how the engineering advances can help achieve a new industrial revolution.
It’s known that the price of electric vehicles mainly depends on the price of a battery it’s powered by and now the dominant type for modern consumer electronics and electric vehicles is lithium-ion batteries which price has fallen by 80% since 2010 and now is less than $200 per kilowatt-hour lithium-ion batteries that contain essential ingredients like cobalt nickel manganese etc. are crucial to the future of energy storage according to statistic the top producers of lithium-ion batteries in 2018 are Panasonic Sanyo BYD LG Chem and Samsung.
New Energy Finance forecast lithium-ion battery pack prices will continue to fall as little as seventy-three dollars per kilowatt hour in 2030 so what does the industry need now before the price of the lithium-ion batteries goes reasonably down. Research laboratories, universities, and manufacturers are working to drive battery technology forward the energy and automobile industries are currently involved in intensive research in this area.
The market requires a type of battery that comes with high energy density excellent longevity keeps the weight light and at the same time is applicable for commercial use and we finally start seeing some real advancement in battery technology where manufacturers are developing new chemistry’s and improving processes that could result in extremely fast charging and long range the name of this magic chemistry.
Why haven’t companies use silicon dominant lithium-ion batteries for their electric vehicles so far it turns out that besides the benefits silicon also has its disadvantages when applying in batteries when silicon accommodates many lithium ions its volume expands which can approach 400% and when the energy is used up the silicon particle shrinks and after swelling and shrinking constantly it breaks apart causing battery performance degradation.
But finally, we can see some innovative startups like innovates silent nanotechnologies and Denna Vyx have found the solution and the silicon dominates lithium-ion battery is ready to commercialize.
nf8 managed to store silicon so that it can expand and contract repeatedly and not crumble the company’s silicon dominant technology has already been tested by third parties and proved the improved features like high energy density ultra-fast charge wide temperature tolerance and improved safety, unlike the conventional graphite cells that fade quickly when charged at high rates.
This technology demonstrates eight times faster charge rates over conventional batteries without hurting the cell’s performance. The electric vehicles can receive 240 miles or about 400 kilometers of charge in five minutes and reach 90% in just 15 minutes it’s about five times faster than when charging with Tesla superchargers that provide full charge in 75 minutes.
This new technology will either extend the range on a single charge or decrease the cost of the batteries needed to reach standard ranges for example the second-generation Nissan Leaf that goes 150 miles on a single charge and has a price tag of twenty-nine thousand nine hundred dollars can go 190 miles with the same price or will cost about twenty-six thousand dollars with the same range it will also be able to achieve eighty percent charge in a couple of minutes.
- Tel Aviv University researchers have also developed low-cost silicon Nanostructured anode that offers a safer higher capacity rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.
- Seiler Nanotechnologies company to develop and manufacture advanced silicon electrodes.
- Cylon anode technologies have been working to commercialize the concept of battery.
- MIT technology review that could result in achieving 20% more energy density over the best existing technology. The company is partnering with BMW to put the company’s silicon-based anode materials in at least some of the German automaker’s electric vehicles by 2023 but before that, the technology will be introduced into smartwatches wireless headphones and mobile phone industry.
- Samson with its newly patented graphene battery that promises to charge five times faster than conventional lithium-ion batteries.
It’s possible that solid-state technology and other future batteries will also revolutionize the industry but unlike these batteries that may become a reality in 10 years or so the graphene battery will be ready in a few years and the silicon nanotechnology can make ready-made products now and doesn’t require any expensive equipment upgrades on the part of battery manufacturers as improvements to lithium-ion anodes continue to boost performance users can expect to find their mobile devices getting smaller smarter charging faster and lasting longer while more affordable electric vehicles will offer better acceleration longer range and improved performance even in colder conditions.